Top 10 Rarest Birds You Might Have Never Seen

Thursday - 20 December, 2017
nature
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Chances are you’ve probably never seen some of the rarest birds in the world and you are not alone. There approximately ten thousand different species of birds. Some of them are very common, in fact you probably see them every day. Other birds however are not so common to the point that they go unnoticed for years at a time. Today´s post is dedicated to birds that are so rare, few people have ever even seen them. From the giant ibis and the California condor to the Ruppell´s vulture, learn about these incredibly rare birds with these Top 10 Rarest Birds You Might Have Never Seen.

10 Nihoa Millerbird

Confined to the tiny island of Nihoa in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, the Nihoa Millerbird is a small millerbird with dark, sepia-colored feathers, white belly, and dark beak. Only a few hundreds of these birds are estimated to persist on the island, making the species seriously endangered. It is always at risk of extinction from environmental changes (droughts, fires, insect population irruptions), because flight away from the island would likely prove fatal.

9 Madagascan Pochard

The Madagascan pochard is an extremely rare diving duck of the genus Aythya. Thought to be extinct in the late 1990s’ (due to introduction of new predators, hunting and habitat loss), specimens of the species were rediscovered at the Lake Matsaborimena in Madagascar in 2006. As of March 2013, the population was estimated to be around 80 individuals.

8 Ruppell's Vulture

The Ruppell’s vulture is a large vulture that occurs throughout the Sahel region of central Africa. The current population of 30,000 is decreasing due to loss of habitat, deliberate poisoning by ivory poachers and other factors. With a wingspan of up to 2.6 m (8.5 ft), this vulture is considered to be the highest-flying bird, with confirmed evidence of flight at an incredible altitude of 11,300 m (37,100 ft) above sea level.

7 Horned Curassow

Also known as the southern helmeted curassow, the horned curassow is a species of bird in the Cracidae family found in humid tropical and subtropical forests of Bolivia. This large, predominantly black bird with a big, distinctive casque on its forehead, has become very rare as it has been suffering from habitat loss and human disturbance.

6 Swift Parrot

The swift parrot is about 25 cm (10 in) long with long pointed wings and long tapering tail feathers. It is mainly green with bluish crown and red on the face above and below the beak. The swift parrot migrates across the Bass Strait between Tasmania and the mainland of Australia. Decimated by habitat loss and predation, this bird´s population was estimated to be fewer than 2,000 individuals in the wild in 2011.

5 Madagascan Fish Eagle

Endemic to the coastal strip in the northwest of Madagascar, the Madagascan fish eagle is a large bird of prey with brown head and body, and a white tail. It has been suffering from a declining population and is seriously threatened by habitat destruction and persecution. With only about 40 surviving breeding pairs, the Madagascan fish eagle is one of the rarest birds on Earth.

4 Walden's Hornbill

Locally called dulungan, the Walden’s hornbill is a critically endangered species of hornbill living in the rainforests on the islands of Negros and Panay in the Philippines. They reproduce very slowly and thus are unable to survive high hunting pressures coupled with heavy logging of the rainforests. There might be just a few last hundreds of these beautifully colored birds surviving in the wild.

3 Brazilian Merganser

The Brazilian merganser is a duck in the typical merganser genus. It is one of the six most threatened waterfowl in the world with possibly fewer than 250 birds in the wild and currently 4 kept in captivity at 2 different Brazilian locations. The origin of its name is from its long, sharp-edged beak that has a great number of teeth-looking edges.

2 Spoon-billed Sandpiper

The spoon-billed sandpiper is a small wader recognizable by its distinctive spatula-like bill. A migratory bird, it breeds in north-eastern Russia and then travels about 8,000 km (5,000 mi) to spend winter in Southeast Asia. The main threats to its survival are habitat loss on its breeding grounds and loss of tidal flats through its migratory and wintering range.

1 Junin Grebe

Also known as puna grebe, the Junin grebe is a medium-size grebe found only on the Lake Junin in the highlands of west-central Peru. There were several attempts to translocate this bird to other lakes in the area but these efforts were not successful. Currently, there’s only about 250 individuals left in the wild.

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